We previously told you about all of the walking tracks in Brisbane Water National Park in part one and things to do in part two like cycling trails, lookouts and picnic spots.  In part three, we will be highlighting the flora and fauna of the park. It is 11,506 hectares and located 27 km north of Sydney. It takes about 1 ½ hours to drive to the park from Sydney’s CBD. Brisbane Water National Park is located in the Central Coast region of New South Wales. We have been featuring the national parks in the region north of Sydney in New South Wales including the Greater Blue Mountains Area National Parks as well as other national parks in the region.  We featured Berowra Valley National Park, Marramarra National Park, Dharug National Park,  Yengo National Park, Kanangra-Boyd National Park, Nattai National Park, Gardens of Stone National Park, and Thirlmere Lakes National Park. Previously, we highlighted several other National Parks in this region including Blue Mountains National Park, Ku-ring-ga National Park, Royal National Park and Wollemi National Park. There are so many national parks in this region close to Sydney, some are part of the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage-listed area and some are not. Today is our last national park in this region, we are highlighting things to do in Brisbane Water National Park. Visiting a national park helps contribute to their protection and is an excellent way to be able to enjoy the Australian wilderness.

Hawkesbury River from near Bar Point

Brisbane Water National park from Bar Point Photo Credit: (Wikipedia) By Poyt448 Peter Woodard – Own work, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7607642


Brisbane Water National Park Photo Credit: VisitNSW.com


Swift Parrot in Brisbane Water National Park Photo Credit: (Wikipedia) By original photograph by frank woutersderivitive work Snowmanradio (talk) 18:52, 4 October 2008 (UTC) – originally posted to Flickr as zwaluwpapegaai and uploaded to commons as Image:Lathamus discolor -Antwerp Zoo-8.jpg, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4924232


Powerful Owl in Brisbane Water National Park Photo Credit: (Wikipedia) By Greg Sharkey – Personal Album, GFDL, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9872673

Flora and Fauna of Brisbane Water National Park


Somersby Falls in Brisbane Water National Park Photo Credit: VisitCentralCoast.com.au


Somersby Mintbush in Brisbane Water National Park Photo Credit: (Wikipedia) By Doug Beckers – https://www.flickr.com/photos/dougbeckers/24262672513, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=48947175


Waratah flower in Brisbane Water National Park Photo Credit: (Wikipedia) CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=857590


Koala in Brisbane Water National Park Photo Credit: NationalParks.nsw.gov.au


Rosenberg’s Monitor in Brisbane Water National Park Photo Credit: (Wikipedia) By Paul Asman and Jill Lenoble, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25253106

There is so much flora and fauna to see when exploring Brisbane Water National Park. There is rainforest and 20 vegetation communities in the park, all of them are protected in the park because they are endangered. Five of the vegetation communities are critically endangered. Much of the land of Brisbane Water National Park is protecting and conserving the natural habitat to a multitude of vulnerable and endangered species of animals. When you are planning to venture out into a national park, remember that it is still wild lands even though it is a protected national park. Do your research about the requirements and details of the walking track or biking trail you choose. No matter the length of your walk or ride, be sure to plan ahead, understand the fitness level requirements, use sunscreen and hats to protect your skin from the sun, have the right shoes and attire, bring plenty of drinking water, have emergency supplies with you, and make sure that someone not travelling with you knows when you are expected back. Check the weather before your trip so you know what type of conditions and temperatures you can expect. The weather in Brisbane Water National Park can be extreme and unpredictable, so be sure to come prepared for different weather scenarios. When you take all these necessary safety precautions, it ensures that you will have the most enjoyable holiday.  It is also important to always remember that you are a guest in nature. Bring a bag with you to take your own rubbish away. Leave nothing but footprints and take nothing but pictures.

Flora in Brisbane Water National Park


Deane’s Paperbark in Brisbane Water National Park Photo Credit: (WIkipedia) Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=635578


Grevillea shiressii shrub in Brisbane Water National Park Photo Credit: (Wikipedia) Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=635578


Sclerophyll Forest in Brisbane Water National Park Photo Credit: (Wikipedia) By Poyt448 Peter Woodard – Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12268568

In addition to the 20 vegetation communities in Brisbane Water National Park, there are 814 species of flora that have been recorded. The amazing diversity of plant life comes from the variations in geology, soils, hydrology, aspect, and fire history of the park and region. Some of the plants that grow here are only located here in this region.

Fauna of Brisbane Water National Park


Spotted Tail Quoll in Brisbane Water National Park Photo Credit: (Wikipedia) By Joshua Cunningham – http://www.flickr.com/photos/34547542@N08/3205125391/, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=20654483


Regent Honeyeater in Brisbane water National Park Photo Credit: (Wikipedia) By Incandescent (talk) (Jessica Bonsell) – english Wikipedia, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9503268


Giant Burrowing Frog in Brisbane Water National Park Photo Credit: (Wikipedia)By Tnarg 12345 at the English language Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6315152

The variety of wildlife that calls Brisbane Water National Park home is quite expansive and extensive although many are endangered or vulnerable species. A total of 261 species of fauna have been recorded here and all of them are protected by the National Parks and Wildlife Act of 1974. Of those species, 26 are native mammal species, 30 are species of frog, and 50 species of reptiles. In addition to that, over 150 species of birds live in or migrate through the park.

Aboriginal Bush Tucker and Tools


Waratah Flower: Aboriginal Bush Tucker and Tools in Brisbane Water National Park Photo Credit: NationalParks.nsw.gov.au


Aboriginal Grinding Stone used to make bush bread Photo Credit: (Wikipedia) By Taken byfir0002 | flagstaffotos.com.auCanon 20D + Tamron 28-75mm f/2.8 – Own work, GFDL 1.2, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=445570


Damper, also known as bush bread or seekcake Photo Credit: (Wikipedia) By Nachoman-au – A digital photograph taken by myself., CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=482468

Flora and fauna played a big part in bush tucker and tools that the original land owners used to survive in this land in primitive times. You can learn about bush tucker and Aboriginal tools that come from the land on a tour given by an Aboriginal Discovery ranger expert. The tour guide shows you the tools and bush tucker and you will see how Aboriginal people survived in the bush. You will find out how Aboriginal Australians have used native plants and animals for 60,000 years. Different ways of cooking or processing has been used to make some foods that are toxic in their raw form edible. Paperbark, or the bark of the Melaleuca species has been widely used to wrap foods for underground oven cooking. Bush bread is prepared by collecting seeds that are crushed into a dough, which is then bake into a bread, also sometimes referred to as a seedcake. The Waratah flowers are fiery red and are the state emblem for New South Wales. They bloom in late winter and are unmistakeable to spot all over the park when in bloom.

Hiring a Car in Sydney to get to Brisbane Water National Park


Brisbane Water National Park Map Photo Credit: Google Maps


Sydney Car Rental Map Photo Credit: Budget.com.au

It’s convenient and easy to hire a car in Sydney  at one of many convenient locations. If you flew into Sydney on holiday, you can hire a car right at the Sydney Airport. Other locations in Sydney where you can rent a car at a great price include Sydney east location in Alexandria, or the Sydney southwest location in Ravensby. The drive from Sydney to Brisbane Water National Park is about 1 ½ hour drive. If you want to hire your car or four wheel drive vehicle closer to Brisbane Water National Park, then choose the city of Gosford Budget location. Click through any of the links to get a quick and easy rate quote for the best car rental rates in Sydney. Be sure to let your car rental agent know your travel itinerary so that they can ensure you have the best vehicle for your trip. Many parts of this park are great for four-wheel driving, so you will likely want to hire a 4WD vehicle so that you can access all of those trails. Our helpful car rental agents can also assist you with local maps, holiday tips and pointers, and travel safety information. While in Sydney, check out these other holiday ideas from our blog:

Best Scenic Drives in Australia: Greater Blue Mountains

Scenic Drives in the Snowy Mountains

Snow Valley Way: A Delicious Scenic Drive

Things to Do on Holiday in Sydney

Sydney Holiday Ideas for Families with Kids

Free Things to Do in Sydney

A Spectacular New Year’s Eve in Sydney

Places to See in and Around Sydney

5 Day Trips from Sydney

Sydney’s Famous and Secret Beaches

Scenic Drive from Sydney to Melbourne

Experience the Vast Beauty of Wollemi National Park

Royal National Park

Enjoy the Diversity of Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park

Walking through Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park

Summertime is the Perfect Time for Sydney’s Outdoor Pools

Best Places to Celebrate Chinese New Year in Sydney

5 Must Do Walks of Sydney